PANDA (antiProton ANnihilation in DArmstadt) is the central experiment to fully exploit the physics research potential of antiproton beams at the international accelerator Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research in Europe (FAIR), currently under construction at GSI. Phase-space cooled high intensity antiproton beams up to 15 GeV/c will be provided by the High Energy Storage Ring (HESR) at FAIR to interact with PANDA internal proton or nuclear targets enabling a broad range of exciting studies in Particle and Nuclear Physics. The PANDA detector features two spectrometers, the Target Spectrometer with a superconducting solenoid magnet of 2 T around the interaction region with hermetic coverage and the Forward Spectrometer with a 2 Tm dipole magnet for coverage of the forward boosted particles. Several modern particle detector systems are employed in PANDA to provide excellent charged particle tracking, particle identification, calorimetry and muon detection, over the full momentum range in both spectrometers throughout the lifetime of the experiment. Focusing on the various PANDA detector systems we present an overview of recent developments, the detector construction progress and conclude with an outline for a phased deployment of PANDA at FAIR.
The PANDA Experiment, which is located at the High Energy Storage Ring at the FAIR accelerator
center in Darmstadt, Germany, is optimized for questions of hadron physics.
With this detector it will be possible to discover new states and measure their line shapes as well as the
line shapes of already known states very precisely.
To normalize the energy scan measurements exact knowledge of the luminosity is required.
The luminosity at PANDA will be determined from the angular distribution of elastical antiprotonm
proton scattering. In order to achieve an absolute measuring accuracy of 5% , the tracks of the scattered
antiprotons will be measured by four planes of thinned silicon detectors (HV-MAPS).
HV-MAPS are pixel sensors with integrated readout electronics. They will be operated with a reverse
voltage of 60 volts to increase their radiation hardness.
The four detector planes consist of CVD-diamonds on which the sensors are clued. To reduce the
multiple scattering the detector is operated in a vacuum.
The concept of the luminosity detector is presented and technical aspects such as the vacuum system,
cooling, electronics, and sensors are discussed, as well as insights into data analysis.
Submitted by c.schwarz on Thu, 12/12/2019 - 14:09.
The PANDA experiment of the FAIR facility will address open
questions in hadron physics using antiproton beams in the
momentum range of 1.5-15 GeV/c.
The antiprotons are stored and cooled in the High Energy
Storage Ring (HESR) and allow high precision spectroscopy in
the energy range of closed and open charm.
Two Cherenkov detectors using the principle of Detection of
Internally Reflected Cherenkov light (DIRC) will provide
excellent PID in the PANDA target spectrometer.
The Endcap Disc DIRC separates pions from kaons better than
3σ up to momenta of 4 GeV/c in the forward direction, for polar
angles from 5∘ to 22∘.
It uses a fused silica radiator disk, consisting of four
optically isolated quadrants.
The Cherenkov photons are imaged on Microchannel-Plate PMTs
(MCP-PMTs) by focusing lightguides.
The Barrel DIRC cleanly separates pions from kaons for polar
angles in the range of 22∘ - 140∘ and momenta up to 3.5 GeV/c.
The barrel is formed by 16 sectors, each comprising three narrow
fused silica radiator bars, with a flat mirror attached to
one end and a spherical lens attached to the other, and a
large fuse silica prism, coupled to each group of three lenses.
The Cherenkov light is focused on the back side of the prism,
where an array of lifetime-enhanced MCP-PMTs detects the photons.
The designs are simulated and validated in test beams with
prototypes and the Technical Design Reports of both devices
have recently been completed.
While mass production of some of the components has already
started, the R&D for other important items, like the readout
electronics or the shape and materials of the mechanical support,
is still ongoing.
This talk describes the status of the two DIRC projects and will
discuss the remaining R&D activities.